Josh M Barry; University of Wisconsin-Madison; jmbarry3@wisc.edu; Gavin M. Jones, Benjamin Zuckerberg, Richard Tanner, Nick Kryshak, M. Zachariah Peery

The California spotted owl (Strix occidentalis occidentalis) – an older forest species of conservation concern – has declined in many forests due to loss of habitat via severe wildfire and vegetation change. While population trends and factors responsible for trends have been well studied in the Sierra Nevada, less is known about their population status at the range boundary in southern California - a region undergoing rapid environmental change. Therefore, we conducted extensive spotted owl nighttime surveys during the 2022 breeding season in the Los Padres, Angeles, and San Bernardino National Forests, and compared remotely-sensed data on vegetation conditions and disturbance between currently occupied and vacant territories, and at vacant territories during historical occupancy versus after the loss of territorial owls. We made 1,913 visits to call points, surveying an area of 1,100 km2, yet located only eight occupied territories. Only three of the 13 historically occupied territories we surveyed remained occupied (23%). Vacant territories had a lower basal area of deciduous trees compared to occupied territories, and vacant territories had greater drought-related tree mortality after the loss of territorial owls compared to during historical occupancy. Our results coincide with other recent work indicating declines in spotted owl populations in southern California.

Birds I: Owls   Student Paper InPerson Presentation